Louise de Marillac Le Gras." First, the parish was established in 1960, the 300 th anniversary of the death of St. Louise de Marillac, foundress of the Daughters of the Charity of St. Vincent de Paul and universal patron of social workers. Search St. Louise de Marillac. Her uncle arranged for her to marry Antoine Le Gras, secretary to Queen Marie. When the Daughters of Charity were founded, Louise de Marillac opened her own home in the parish of St. Nicolas du Chardonnet to the five or six young women who desired to join her. They had the funds to aid poor people, but they did not have the time or temperament to live a life of service among the poor. Her desire to become a nun was discouraged by her confessor, and a marriage was arranged. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1908. When she happened to meet Vincent de Paul, she recognized him as the priest from her vision.[3]. We, like St. Louise de Marillac, have skill, books, resource to counsel, and hopefully the determination to do so. St. Louise de Marillac’s feast day is this Sunday, March 15. Louise de Marillac was born in the 16 th century. From the time of her baptism (August 12, 1591), Louise’s father recognized her as his child. The majority sent their servants to minister to those in need, but often, the work was considered unimportant. [9] She was 68, and the Daughters of Charity had more than 40 houses in France. One son was born of this union. She never knew her mother. we thank you that you have come to this earth. Louise found true happiness in her work. With St. Louise de Marillac he cofounded the Daughters of Charity (Daughters of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul) in 1633. Frederic Ozanam Still, Louise managed to find time to maintain her household, entertain guests and nurture Michel, her 13-year-old son, with special needs. She traveled throughout France, establishing her community members in hospitals, orphanages and other institutions. The model was highly successful and is still in use today by the Daughters of Charity. Widowed in 1625, she had already chosen Vincent de Paul as her spiritual guide, and he encouraged her to undertake charitable works. St. Louise de Marillac died on March 15, 1660, and St. Vincent followed her to heaven only six months later. At that time he could not have imagined the place that she would occupy in his life. St. Louise de Marillac Mission Statement Page 2SPIRITUALITY AND ENRICHMENT 9 Jan. 2013. [8], Aided by her directors, the young Louise had entered into profound prayer in the tradition of the Rhenish-Flemish spiritualists, and had been introduced to the French school of spirituality of Cardinal Pierre de Bérulle. St. Louise de Marillac, (born August 12, 1591, Paris/Ferrières, France—died March 15, 1660, Paris; canonized March 11, 1934; feast day March 15), cofounder with St. Vincent de Paul of the Daughters of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul, a congregation of laywomen dedicated to teaching and hospital work. Louise de Marillac was born out of wedlock on August 12, 1591[1] near Le Meux, now in the department of Oise, in Picardy. Her life speaks to us today in the daily concerns of our life. She then stayed with a devout spinster, from whom she learned household management skills as well as the secrets of herbal medicine. In October, the couple had their only child, Michel. In 17th-century France, the charitable care of the poor was completely unorganized. In 1625 Vincent de Paul responded positively to the request of Madame Le Gras, Louise de Marillac, to become her spiritual director. These young girls formed the nucleus of the Daughters of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul. Louise never knew her mother—a circumstance that made her illegitimate by societal standards and marked her with a metaphorical scarlet letter of sorts. With St. Louise de Marillac he cofounded the Daughters of Charity (Daughters of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul) in 1633. In working with her sisters, Louise emphasized a balanced life, as Vincent de Paul had taught her. In 17th-century France, the charitable care of the poor was completely unorganized. Vol. Time was set aside for reciting the Little Office of the Blessed Virgin Mary, attending Mass, receiving Holy Communion, meditation, spiritual reading, fasting, penance, reciting the rosary and special prayers. The need of organization in work for the poor suggested to de Paul the forming of a confraternity among the women of his parish in Châtillon-les-Dombes. Vol. At first, the Company served the needs of the sick and poor in their homes. Corrections? St. Vincent is the priest who cofounded the Daughters of Charity with St. Louise de Marillac. New City Press, 1996, pp. Poor health prevented her from joining the strict order of Poor Clares, and in 1613 she married Antoine Le Gras (secretary to Queen Marie de Médicis of France), by whom she had a son, Michel. Above all, live together in great union and cordiality, loving one another in imitation of the union and life of our Lord. [9], Mobility was a major innovation. [2] She also believed that she had received the insight that she would be guided to a new spiritual director whose face she was shown. The women took meals, distributed clothing and gave care and comfort. Omissions? She was educated by the Dominican nuns at Poissy. Louise and Antoine were wed in the fashionable Church of St. Gervaise on February 5, 1613. The Catholic Encyclopedia. Widowed and lacking financial means, she had to move. Nearing her death, she wrote to her nuns: "Take good care of the service of the poor. Devastated by this refusal, Louise was at a loss as to her next step. Unlike St. Vincent, who was of humble origin, St. Louise de Marillac was born in 1598 and grew up in an illustrious French family. 9 Jan. 2013, "Louise de Marillac", Vincentian Online Library, Daughters of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul international website, "Life and Works of Louise de Marillac". Louise never knew her mother—a circumstance that made her illegitimate by societal standards and marked her with a metaphorical scarlet letter of sorts. The wealth of these women, many of noble family, aided him in establishing the foundling and other hospitals. At the age of 22, she married Antoine Le Gras, Secretary to the Queen Regent, Marie de Medicis. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Louise de Marillac engaged in a tireless search for God. At that time he could not have imagined the place that she would occupy in his life. [11], Louise de Marillac was beatified by Pope Benedict XV in 1920 and, on March 11, 1934, she was canonized by Pope Pius XI. She was canonized in 1934. Around 1621, Antoine contracted a chronic illness and eventually became bedridden. To achieve a goal, God sometimes uses a pair of saints—two people who are good friends and support each other as they go about doing God’s work. Search for: She traveled throughout France, establishing her community members in hospitals, orphanages and other institutions. Jean-Louis de Marillac, comte de Beaumont-le-Roger (1572 – 10 May 1632) was an important French noble and military leader during the reign of Louis XIII. In the midst of the difficulties of her life she progressively opened her heart to the light of God. Louise de Marillac was born probably at Ferrieres-en-Brie near Meux, France, on August 12, 1591. Louise nursed and cared for him and their child. She established hospitals, schools, and orphanages all over France. Saint Louise de Marillac (August 12, 1591 - March 15, 1660) was the co-founder, with St. Vincent de Paul, of the Daughters of Charity. She was a member of the Marillac family, one of the more influential noble families of seventeenth century France. Saint Louise de Marillac, born near Meux, France, lost her mother when she was still a child, her beloved father when she was but 15. Please consider mailing in your donations or by using our online giving option. On August 12th, 1591, Louise de Marillac was born just outside of Paris. Today, we humbly ask you to defend Catholic Online's independence. Consequently, she invited four country girls to live in her home in the Rue des Fosses‐Saint‐Victor and began training them to care for those in need. 9. Louise's work with these young women developed into a system of pastoral care at the Hôtel-Dieu, the oldest and largest hospital in Paris. She began working with a group of them and saw a need for common life and formation. She was the daughter of Louis de Marillac and born out of wedlock. Along with being devoted to her family, Louise was also active in ministry in her parish. In the 17th century in France, there was discussion about the condemnation of Quietism so from the time of her death, mysticism was viewed with suspicion. 36, 39; Picture is free domain, author unknown, Wikimedia. By the time Louise died in 1660, 40 convents of the Sisters of Charity had been established. At her death on March 15, 1660, the congregation had more than 40 houses in France. Six months later St. Vincent de Paul followed her in death. It is not clear if her refusal was for her continual poor health or other reasons, but her spiritual director assured her that God had "other plans" for her. She is venerated as a saint by the Roman Catholic Church. [6] It soon became clear that many of the ladies were unfitted to cope with the actual conditions. The Church proclaimed her a saint in 1934. Vincent guided Louise to a greater balance in a life of moderation, peace and calm. Mass will begin shortly. She was the daughter of Louis de Marillac and born out of wedlock. In light of this, her biographer, Nicholas Gobillon, removed any traces of mysticism from Louise's writings and rewrote her meditations. Introduction: Saint Louise, a leader who teaches us with her example. [7] She found great success in these endeavors. Louise, now forty-two years old, communicated this objective to Monsieur Vincent. Act I: Louise’s Early Years. Louise de Marillac was canonized in 1934 and declared patroness of social workers in 1960. Members were aristocratic ladies of charity, who were helping him nurse the poor and look after neglected children, a real need of the day, but the ladies were busy with many of their own concerns and duties. Louise grew to love Antoine and was an attentive mother to their son. Louis de Marillac, Lord of Ferrires (1556-1604), claimed her as his natural daughter yet not his legal heir. Thus Louise grew up amid the affluent society of Paris, but without a stable home life. Four years later, the house was too small. Louise was a member of the powerful de Marillac family and was well educated. This short work will be an attempt to condense a life which, for the frail and delicate woman she was, abounded amazingly in good works. After completing negotiations with the city officials and the hospital managers, Louise instituted collaboration among the doctors, nurses and others to form a comprehensive team. Then, in 1632, Louise made a spiritual retreat. In 1629, Vincent invited Louise to become involved in his work with the Confraternities of Charity. St. Louise de Marillac School is proud to be fully accredited with the Catholic Diocese of Pittsburgh as well as the Middle States Accreditation organization. 1 Early life 2 Louise de Marillac and Vincent de Paul 3 Veneration 4 External links Louise de Marillac was born out of wedlock on August 12, 1591. Betanzos, CM, Benito Martinez, "Saint Louise de Marillac, a mystic", "St. Louise de Marillac", Catholic Social Worker's National Association, The Vincentian Center for Church and Society, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Louise_de_Marillac&oldid=1004850943, Daughters and Sisters of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul, Founders of Catholic religious communities, Christian female saints of the Early Modern era, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2018, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, St. Louise de Marillac Parish and School are in, St. Louise de Marillac Primary School is in, The Church of St Vincent de Paul and St Louise of Marillac served, This page was last edited on 4 February 2021, at 18:33. [12], Company of the Daughters of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul, Spiritual Writings of Louise de Marillac, A.2, p. 1, Chapel of Our Lady of the Miraculous Medal, Daughters of Charity of Saint Vincent de Paul, Daughters of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul, St. Louise de Marillac Parish, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Glass, Joseph. In 1623, when illness was wasting Antoine, depression was overcoming Louise[3] In addition, she suffered for years with internal doubt and guilt for having not pursued the religious calling she had felt as a young woman. One was publicly executed, and the other died in prison. Search. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Please contact the school at (412) 835-0600 for more information. Her uncle, Michele, became her guardian but the de Marillac family wanted nothing to do with this child who, as an illegitimate child, had no legal claims on the family. Welcome to St. Louise de Marillac Primary School. Under her guidance, they expanded their scope of service to include orphanages, institutions for the elderly and mentally ill, prisons and the battlefield. The congregation was the first noncloistered religious institute of women devoted to active charitable works. Click on the the WeShare Online Giving icon and signing up will take just a few minutes. They had the funds to aid poor people, but they did not have the time or temperament to live a life of service among the poor. Deeply concerned with the poverty and suffering surrounding them, they brought together a group of young women who shared their dedication of helping the poor and the sick. The nuns have always been held in high repute and have made foundations in all parts of the world. St. Elizabeth Ann Seton. Being a woman of energy, intelligence, determination and devotion, Louise wrote her own "Rule of Life in the World" that detailed a structure for her day. From her Christian imagination and faith, she spoke with confidence of a belief that even in moments of loss and hardship, there is always the possibility of new life and resurrected hope. St. Louise de Marillac depends on your financial support to continue our parish mission. — Louise de Marillac I beg you, my dear Sister, to help me by your prayers, as I will help you by mine, so that we may obtain from God the grace to walk simply and confidently along the path of His holy love, without too much introspection, least we resemble those persons who, instead of growing rich, become bankrupt while striving to find the philosopher’s stone. Like St. Vincent, however, she was to attain to sainthood through trials, difficulties, and suffering. Their distinctive habit, a grey wool tunic with a large headdress or cornette of white linen, was the usual dress of Breton peasant women of the 17th century and later.[8]. Louise, like Duns Scotus, viewed the Incarnation as the moment in which men and women were saved. Source: Louise de Marillac, A Light in the Darkness by Kathryn B. LaFleur, S.P. Louise de Marillac D.C., also Louise Le Gras, (August 12, 1591 – March 15, 1660) was the co-founder, with Vincent de Paul, of the Daughters of Charity. Nurse, educator, and social worker was St. Louise de Marillac, to whom the world owes the innovation which she and her co-laborer, St. Vincent de Paul, brought into being – a religious community bound by rules and vows, but uncloistered, so that they might be at liberty to serve the poor in their homes, while serving God in a life consecrated to Him. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The Catholic Encyclopedia. She desired to become a nun but on the advice of her confessor, she married Antony LeGras, an official in the Queen's service, in 1613. Co-Foundress with Saint Vincent de Paul of the Daughters of Charity, 1591-1660. "Sisters of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul." Early life. "[citation needed], Louise led the Company of Daughters until her death. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Meet extraordinary women who dared to bring gender equality and other issues to the forefront. Saint Louise de Marillac (1591-1660) shared the spirituality and vision that inspired Saint Vincent, and her collaboration was crucial in implementing it. "[citation needed], After increasingly ill health, Louise de Marillac died six months before the death of her dear friend and mentor, Vincent de Paul. Via Sapientiae, DePaul University, Randolph, Bartholomew. The tension, between the ideal of service and social constraints, was real. Antoine was an ambitious young man who seemed destined for great accomplishments. Find St. Louise de Marillac Parish reviews and more. Her remains are enshrined in the chapel of the motherhouse of the Daughters of Charity at 140 rue du Bac, Paris. She desired to become a nun but on the advice of her confessor, she married Antony LeGras, an official in the Queen's service, in 1613. However, being a good manager as well as an inspiring leader, she also wanted those women to report to her on what they encountered in their home visits. In 1636, as the number of sisters was increasing, the little community moved to La Chapelle north of Paris. They visited the slums dressed in beautiful dresses next to people considered to be peasants. Antoine died in 1625. A partner with St. Vincent de Paul to provide loving service to the poor. Popular Searches on Catholic Online. She considered a cloistered life, but upon the advice of her confessor, she married Antoine LeGras on February 5, 1613. While the aristocratic ladies were better suited to the work of raising money and dealing with correspondence, the practical work of nursing the poor in their own homes, and caring for neglected children was best accomplished by women of a similar social status to those served.[8]. St. Vincent about St. Louise: "In fact I have not met anyone who has demonstrated a greater prudence that her. Learn about St. Louise de Marillac School, School/University in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. At the age of 12 Louise is an orphan. She was educated by the Dominican nuns at Poissy. She wrote near the end of her life, "Certainly it is the great secret of the spiritual life to abandon to God all that we love by abandoning ourselves to all that He wills. Hidden label . Hello and welcome to our Saint Louis Mass. The wealth of these women, many of noble family, aided him in establishing the foundling and other hospitals. This group of laypeople, which is still very active today, bears the name of Vincent de Paul, as he was perceived as a model of charity. She was named patroness of Christian Social Workers in 1960. 3. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910. Louise found the help she needed in young, humble country women, who had the energy and the proper attitude to deal with people weighed down by destitution and suffering. Her husband was secretary to the Queen of France, Marie de Medici. Louise remained at Poissy until her father's death, when she was twelve years old. It was so successful that it spread from the rural districts to Paris, where noble ladies often found it hard to give personal care to the needs of the poor. [4], On the feast of Pentecost during Holy Mass or while I was praying in the church, my mind was completely freed of all doubt. Vincent de Paul remedied it by referring young women who inquired about serving persons in need to go to Paris and devote themselves to the ministry under the direction of the Ladies of Charity. She was fortunate to have a wise and sympathetic counsellor, Francis de Sales, then in Paris,[2] and then his friend, the bishop of Belley. She was declared Patroness of Christian Social Workers by Pope John XXIII, in 1960. She trained girls in the spiritual life and taught them to assist in visiting, feeding, and nursing the needy. Her intuition led her to understand that it was time to intensify her ministry with poor and needy persons. St. Louise de Marillac; St. Louise de Marillac. When her father married his new wife, Antoinette Le Camus, she refused to accept Louise as part of their family. St. Louise de Marillac. As true disciples of Jesus Christ, we are called to renew His love and spirit by sharing our time, talent and treasure. One of her earliest tasks was to supervise the parish-based confraternities. Louise’s mother died when Louise was a … Her feast day is May 9 (changed from March 15 in 2016). Louis was a member of the prominent de Marillac family and was a widower at the time of Louise's birth. The Ladies of Charity, founded by Vincent years earlier, provided some care and monetary resources, but it was far from enough. Louise was canonized in 1934 and is today the patron saint of social workers. When she was 22, her family convinced her that marriage was the best alternative. She is mistakenly referred to as an incorrupt saint; the body enshrined in the chapel is actually a wax effigy, containing her bones. Nevertheless, she was cared for and received an excellent education at the royal monastery of Poissy near Paris, where her aunt was a Dominican nun. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Saint-Louise-de-Marillac, The Catholic Encyclopedia - Biography of Louise de Marillac Le Gras, Sisters of Providence - Biography of Louise de Marillac, Daughters of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul, Daughters of Charity of Saint Vincent de Paul. Louis was a member of the prominent de Marillac family and was a widower at the time of Louise's birth. St Louise de Marillac Co-foundress of the Daughters of Charity (1591-1660) The Holiness Factor: A partner with St. Vincent de Paul to provide loving service to the poor. She later made application to the Capuchin nuns in Paris but was refused admission. His work needed many more helpers, especially ones who were peasants themselves and so would be closer to the poor. St. Louise de Marillac is a Roman Catholic community called together as family to worship, to minister, and to evangelize. Although Saint Louise de Marillac was canonized in 1934, there are but few people in Australia who know anything about her. She had a leading role in the Ladies of Charity, an organization of wealthy women dedicated to assisting those suffering from poverty and disease. St. Louise was born in France on August 12, 1591. St. Louise De Marillac 14 Karat Gold Filled Pendant @ $131.99. Louise de Marillac was canonized in 1934 and declared patroness of social workers in 1960. Louise de Marillac was born out of wedlock on August 12, 1591 near Le Meux, now in the department of Oise, in Picardy.She never knew her mother. “Love the poor, honor them,… Louis de Marillac, her father, died on July 25, 1604. [6] The Daughters of Charity were unlike other established religious communities, whose religious women were behind cloister walls in a monastery and performed a ministry of contemplative prayer. Statue of St. Louise de Marillac (Lisa Johnston/The St. Louis Review) Louise’s main intent was to have the sisters serve the poor and sick. She is venerated as a saint by the Roman Catholic Church. Over the next four years, Vincent and Louise often met and communicated by letters. At her death on March 15, 1660, the congregation had more than 40 houses in France. Because they were neither enclosed nor called nuns, their concept pioneered in bringing women into religious service outside the cloister. Their work became well-known, and the Daughters were invited to Angers to take over management of the nursing services of the hospital there. Updates? It was the integration of contemplation and activity that made Louise's work so successful. St. Vincent de Paul & St. Louise de Marillac In 1633, the Daughters of Charity were founded in Paris, France, by St. Vincent de Paul and St. Louise de Marillac. Connect with St. Louise de Marillac Parish, Church in La Grange Park, Illinois. Six months later St. Vincent de Paul followed her in death. Her uncle, Michel de Marillac, was a major figure in the court of Queen Marie de' Medici and, though Louise was not a member of the Queen's court, she lived and worked among the French aristocracy. [3], During civil unrest, her two uncles who held high rank within the government were imprisoned. Vincent and Louise realized that direct service of the poor was not easy for the nobility or the bourgeoisie because of social class. "Ven. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Saint Louise de Marillac, cofounder with St. Vincent de Paul of the Daughters of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul, a congregation of laywomen dedicated to teaching and hospital work. On August 12th, 1591, Louise de Marillac was born just outside of Paris. St. Louise de Marillac (1591-1660) a contemporary of St. Vincent de Paul was inspired and directed by Vincent’s spiritual leadership. He held the office of Marshal of France, as well as lieutenant-general of Trois-Évêchés and governor of Metz. In 1633 Vincent de Paul founded the Daughters of Charity with Louise as their superior. Pray earnestly to the Blessed Virgin, that she might be your only Mother. [5], She vowed not to remarry if her husband died before her. Vincent lived near her new dwelling. Act I: Louise’s Early Years. Three years after this experience, Antoine died. The Ladies of Charity, founded by Vincent years earlier, provided some care and monetary resources, but it was far from enough. [3] Around the age of fifteen, Louise felt drawn to the cloistered life. Introduction: Saint Louise, a leader who teaches us with her example In 1625 Vincent de Paul responded positively to the request of Madame Le Gras, Louise de Marillac, to become her spiritual director. He also needed someone who could teach and organize them.[4]. The Daughters of Charity opened their archives, including private ones, for him to do his research. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Nurse, educator, and social worker was St. Louise de Marillac, to whom the world owes the innovation which she and her co-laborer, St. Vincent de Paul, brought into being – a religious community bound by rules and vows, but uncloistered, so that they might be at liberty to serve the poor in their homes, while serving God in a life consecrated to Him. Depaul University, Randolph, Bartholomew light of this, her biographer, Nicholas Gobillon removed! In her parish the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted delivered! By letters in hospitals, orphanages and other hospitals made application to the appropriate style manual or other if... True disciples of Jesus Christ, we humbly ask you to defend Catholic Online independence! 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