It's usually caused by a bacterial infection. The most common are bacteria and viruses in the air we breathe. When this happens, the condition is called lobar pneumonia. Young children and the elderly are more likely to need to go to the hospital to receive intravenous antibiotics, medical care and respiratory therapy. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) also recommends a pneumonia vaccine for infants, young children, and adults age 65 and older. Pathologists of the time, he adds, were nearly unanimous in the conviction that deaths were not caused directly by the then-unidentified influenza virus, but rather resulted from severe secondary pneumonia caused by various bacteria. Common Causes of Pneumonia. Mycoplasma pneumonia is a contagious respiratory infection. Use a humidifier or take a warm bath (more gunk-loosening). The most common cause of bacterial pneumonia is due to Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria. If you’re young and basically healthy, these bacteria can live in your throat without causing any trouble. The pathophysiology of pneumonia in both cases is somewhat similar. You have a higher risk of getting bacteria pneumonia if you: People who have a weakened immune system also have an increased risk for bacterial pneumonia. But if they are not sure, you might have to get a chest X-ray. Asthma and Pneumonia: What Are the Differences? It infects over 900,000 Americans every year. Seek immediate medical attention if you are experiencing: Bacteria pneumonia is caused by bacteria that works its way into the lungs and then multiplies. Pneumonia is swelling (inflammation) of the tissue in one or both lungs. Some of these germs do spread from person to person, so you may be contagious if you have certain types of pneumonia. These sacs may also fill with fluid, pus, and cellular debris. Practicing good hygiene can help prevent the spread of pneumonia or the risk of catching it. Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs. Pneumonia can be a mild illness or it can be something much more serious. CAP occurs when you get an infection after exposure to bacterial agents outside of a healthcare setting. People who have a higher risk for pneumonia may: Doctors classify bacterial pneumonia based on whether it developed inside or outside a hospital. Pneumonia can be caused by different types of infections such as bacterial, viral, fungal and even parasitic infections. In the hospital, you’ll be given antibiotics to treat the specific type of bacteria causing your pneumonia. Pneumonia can be life threatening, especially in babies, young children and people older than 60, so it’s important to see a doctor right away. It's usually caused by an infection, most commonly bacteria and viruses, which are both contagious. Otherwise the bacteria may not all be killed and you could get sick all over again. © 2005 - 2019 WebMD LLC. The most common one is Streptococcus (pneumococcus), but other bacteria can cause it too. It can be caused by viruses, fungi, or bacteria. This type is caused by various bacteria. Causes: Water contamination. Pneumococcus is one of the most common causes of severe pneumonia. The flu is one of the most common causes of viral pneumonia in adults, though post-flu complications can also cause bacterial pneumonia. Bacterial pneumonia is an infection of your lungs caused by certain bacteria. When this happens, the air sacs in your lungs get infected and inflamed. A healthy person may recover within one to three weeks. This article is about pneumonia caused by bacteria. If the pneumonia is stubborn or severe, you might have to go to the hospital. Bacterial pneumonia can be mild or serious. WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Someone with a weakened immune system may take longer before they feel normal again. Stay home until your fever goes down and you aren’t coughing anything out. Haemophilus influenzae is the second most common cause of bacterial pneumonia. Gastric Ulcer: Gastric ulcers are caused by many factors like excess acid secretion, stress etc. However, they are distinct diseases. The symptoms can come on fast and furious, or they can creep up on you over a few days. Causes behind painful breathing, fluid buildup. Milder than bacterial pneumonia. These include those who recently had an organ transplant. The bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae, a common cause of pneumonia, imaged by an electron microscope Pneumonia is due to infections caused primarily by bacteria or viruses and less commonly by fungi and parasites. Pneumonia can be caused by a viral infection, aspiration of a harmful substance or foreign object, fungal infection (rare) or due to the use of a ventilator when in hospital. 6. Pneumocystic Carinii Symptoms. Your doctor might also suggest medication for pain and fever. What is bacterial pneumonia? These are spread among people by breathing in infected dro… What increases your risk for bacterial pneumonia? The germs that can cause pneumonia are usually breathed in. Learn about the symptoms of viral pneumonia and how to treat this contagious condition. Common symptoms are: There are two kinds of shots for bacterial pneumonia: Talk to your doctor to find out if you or your child should get a shot. Learn more about…, Many people can fight flu symptoms with lots of rest and fluids, but certain high-risk groups may experience dangerous complications as a result of…. Viruses, bacteria, and fungi can all cause pneumonia. In bacterial pneumonia, there will likely be a much more visible presence of fluid in the lungs than viral pneumonia. In the United States, common causes of viral pneumonia are influenza, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), and SARS-CoV-2 (the virus that causes COVID-19). All rights reserved. That will allow them to hear sounds that show there’s fluid in your lungs. The common causes of pneumonia include bacterial and viral infections. Take a sample of mucus, or a sputum culture, to identify the bacterium causing the infection. However, clinicians are not always able to find out which germ caused … Bacterial pneumonia is frequently caused by Staphylococcus and Streptococcus spp. It can enter your lungs through inhalation or through your bloodstream. Most kinds of bacterial pneumonia are not highly contagious. Catching pneumonia. If you have lung cancer, you may have an increased risk for pneumonia. Some cases of bacterial pneumonia will require hospitalization for treatment. If you go to the hospital you might get: American Lung Association: “What Causes Pneumonia?” “Learn About Pneumonia.”, CDC: “Pneumonia Can Be Prevented -- Vaccines Can Help,” “Pneumococcal Vaccination.”, American Academy of Family Physicians: “Pneumonia Prevention,” “Pneumonia Treatment.”. Pneumonia caused by bacterial infections poses a much greater threat to the heart than pneumonia caused by viral infections, a new study suggests. It can also be caused by a virus, such as coronavirus (COVID-19). organ failure, due to bacterial infection. You have probably heard of pneumonia, which is an infection of the lungs. Other bacteria that can cause pneumonia include: People who have these conditions may be at an increased risk for pneumonia: People over the age of 65 and children 2 and younger are also at a higher risk for developing pneumonia. How is aspiration pneumonia different from other pneumonias, and what are the causes, symptoms, and risk factors? 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