One has a narrower economic focus on production, The message of Sustainable Livelihoods and Rural Development is clear: livelihoods approaches are an essential lens on questions of rural development, but these need to be situated in a better understanding of political economy. The concept of sustainable livelihoods The concept of sustainable livelihoods is a reference point for a wide range of people involved in different aspects of development policy formulation and planning. Two of the strategies which Compiled by Molly Bond urban–rural linkages, the ‘bri- Politics, he adds, is cast aside, References Chambers, Robert (1983) Rural Development: Putting the Last First. •To provide livelihood promotion and social inclusion services to the poor and low income clients in rural and semi urban areas with innovative solutions. As analysts point out, there are two broad approaches to defining livelihoods. Ian Scoones, Practical Action Publishing: Rugby, UK, 2015, ISBN 978-1853398759, 149 pages Molly Bond 1 London: Longman. opportunities and resources that will contribute to securing sustainable livelihoods. The connection of the three words ‘sustainable’, ‘rural’ and ‘livelihoods’ as a term denoting a particular approach was possibly first made in 1986 in a hotel in Geneva The call for emphasis on sustainable livelihoods was Chambers, Robert and Gordon Conway (1992) Sustainable Rural Livelihoods: Practical Concepts for the 21st Century, IDS Discussion Paper 296. The Sustainable Livelihood Approach (SLA) to development intervention has been in vogue since the late 1990s and formed a central concept of the UK‟s Department for International Development‟s (DFID) strategy during the early years of the New Labour government in the UK. It will: • Adopt a long term strategic approach to programme development; • Be consistent with needs-based priorities of supporting rural livelihoods – invest in poor people •To promote community based organizations at grassroots level for sustainable development in rural and coastal areas. Unit 1 What is Rural Finance, and How Does it Fit into 'Development'? 1 Project Title: «Strengthening rural women’s livelihood for a sustainable economic development in the Eastern region of Senegal» Project Symbol: GCP/SEN/069/GAF Recipient country: Senegal Government/Other counterparts: Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Equipment (MAER) Although livelihood diversification is an important strategy by which rural people may work to achieve sustainable livelihoods, it is one that generally operates in conjunction with other strategies which also contribute to the formation of sustainable livelihoods. As important is the process by which it seeks to promote sustainable livelihoods. 3.1 The sustainable livelihoods framework The sustainable livelihoods framework in 3.1.1 is an effort to conceptualise livelihoods in a holistic way, capturing the many complexities of livelihoods, and the constraints and opportunities that they are subjected to. The Integrated and Sustainable Rural Development Strategy (ISRDS) is designed to realize a vision that will “attain socially cohesive an stable rural communities with viable institutions, sustainable economies and universal access to social amenities, able to attract and retain skilled and knowledgable people, who Book Review; Published: 26 October 2016 Sustainable Livelihoods and Rural Development. The message of Sustainable Livelihoods and Rural Development is clear: livelihoods approaches are an essential lens on questions of rural development, but these need to be situated in a better understanding of political economy.

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